To aid the wounded, a medical staff of 52 officers, 101 nurses, and 336 orderlies was embarked. Seven lives were lost. three times as many large passenger ships were lost in World War 2 than were sunk in the four years of World War 1. 1940: Jan (58) Feb (54) Mar (26) Apr (11) May (17) Jun (66) Jul (43) Aug (66) Sep (64) Oct (72) Nov (36) Dec (50) 563 ships hit in 1940. Articles incorporating text from Wikipedia, http://www.wrecksite.eu/wreck.aspx?149943, http://www.wrecksite.eu/wreck.aspx?131720, http://www.combinedfleet.com/Asahi%20Maru_t.htm, "Did the 13th AF or 5th AF Sink the Buenos Aires Maru", http://forum.armyairforces.com/Did-the-13th-AF-or-5th-AF-Sink-the-Buenos-Aires-Maru-m129404.aspx, http://www.combinedfleet.com/Buenos_t.htm, "SINKING OF THE 2/3 HOSPITAL SHIP A.H.S. The following battleships were destroyed in full combat. Like Like The MV Wilhelm Gustloff was a German armed military transport ship which was sunk on 30 January 1945 by Soviet submarine S-13 in the Baltic Sea while evacuating German civilian refugees from East Prussia, Lithuania, Latvia, Poland and Estonia and military personnel from Gotenhafen (Gdynia) as the Red Army advanced. This listing also includes constructive losses, which are ships that were damaged beyond economical repair and disposed of. She was the last American warship to be sunk in World War II, the last submarine kill, and the last victim of the Imperial Japanese Navy. 20 April 1944: Departs Yokosuka on her 19th hospital round-trip voyage. As told by Jim Bond. These ships are considered war graves. These are the American hospital ships that served in the Pacific Theater. Premantura Pula (Pola), Attacked by two British air plane (Beaufighters), Off Syracuse during the landings in Sicily, Bombed and sunk by an enemy aircraft whilst embarking wounded. That’s where hospital ships become lifesavers. Between November 1918 and March 1919, three US Navy-operated and staffed Hospital Ships, ‘USS Comfort’ (AH-3) – ‘USS Mercy’ (AH-4) – ‘USS Solace’ (AH-2) evacuated patients from Europe to the United States (the Navy was indeed responsible for carrying all wounded, sick, and injured AEF personnel from France to the United States – in WW2, the Army decided it was her responsibility, and she wanted to … Hospital ships were covered under the Hague Convention X of 1907. : Cerigo Germany World War II: The cargo ship (1,120 GRT, 1922) was scuttled at Guayaquil, Ecuador.Later salvaged and entered Ecuadorian service as 24 de Mayo. Sunk by US Submarine USS Queenfish (SS-393), Off Swinemünde, and was put in tow for Kiel, Mined. List of hospital ships sunk in World War II. Only 32 survivors were reported. Attacked by German torpedo-carrying He-111H Bombers, Inland Sea. *E 26 February 1944: Arrives at Truk. A search team led by U.S. shipwreck hunter David Mearns sent a submarine robot more than 2,000 meters below the surface to snap the images… The main reasons for this carnage were: - a.. Returning from the Anzio beach-head, west coast of Italy, with Allied wounded, the St. David was deliberately sunk by enemy planes on Jan. 24, 1944. 175, Page 633, March 3, 1944. Click on the month to see list of all ships hit that month. But as casualties mounted at Gallipoli, the government - helped by a massive public fundraising campaign - converted them into state-of-the-art floating hospitals. It will be the 72nd anniversary of the death of his three uncles who drowned when the Australian hospital ship Centaur was torpedoed by the Japanese off Brisbane in World War II. Until 1915 these steamers had carried passengers on the Tasman route. Other ships were converted to hospital ships, where vast wards could be used to transport or treat wounded soldiers back to the relative safety of home ports. US protests lead to U-boats being ordered not to attack ships flying neutral flags, hospital ships (unless obviously engaged in trooping) and Belgian Relief ships. Edit. The ship, which was carrying no patients, was hit on the starboard side forward and settled by the head with a list. In WW1 passenger ship losses were largely confined to the Allies; in WW2 both sides suffered . During WWII Australian-based hospital ships were operated by the Australian Shipping Control Board (ASCB) as HMAHS (His Majesty’s Australian Hospital Ship) although some sources incorrectly describe them as HMAS. 1939: Sep (52) Oct (37) Nov (30) Dec (46) 165 ships hit in 1939. War Memorial to honour victims of Australian hospital ship Centaur By Reuters Staff. 24 April 1944: Arrives at Saipan. In November 1941 it had rescued survivors of the German auxiliary cruiser Kormoran after it had sunk and been sunk by HMAS Sydney. This German ship was sunk by a Russian submarine in 1945 with the loss of nearly 10,000 souls. Each page has a map showing where the ships were attacked. & I'm trying to match it to a Hospital ship for him? N.O.I.C. Brisbane reported that a hospital ship was sunk at 0400K/14 May and that many survivors were picked up by a destroyer at 1414K/15 May. WW2 People's War Homepage ... From there I was taken to a field hospital and sent back in stages to a hospital in Alexandria. I Was There! Hospital ship ST DAVID, at anchor off Dover, was damaged at 0845/1st by the spontaneous explosion of a mine. Until 1915 these steamers had carried passengers across the Tasman for the Union Steam Ship Company, but as casualties mounted at Gallipoli, the government pressed them into service as hospital ships. Notes: (1) Ships in BOLD capitals are those sunk or otherwise lost; in lower case bold, attacked and/or damaged.Variations in the published information are in brackets starting with an abbreviation for the source e.g. Sunk on board SS Stanvac Manila when that ship was torpedoed and sunk by Japanese submarine I-17. Later departs for Palau, then to Balikpapan. W of Ushijima, 1.25 miles off Bizan Seto. ), "List of maritime disasters in World War II", Learn how and when to remove this template message, attacked by Japanese torpedo and dive bombers, List of maritime disasters in the 18th century, List of maritime disasters in the 19th century, List of maritime disasters in the 20th century, List of maritime disasters in World War I, List of maritime disasters in the 21st century, List of accidents and disasters by death toll, List by death toll of ships sunk by submarines, "Chronological List of Japanese Merchant Vessel Losses", Submarine History: Submarine Service: Operations and Support: Royal Navy, "Aviation Machinists Mate 1/c Donald F. Mason "Sighted Sub – Sank Same, "Umona – Crew lists from ships hit by U-boats", "Loss of the MV Neptuna at Darwin, 19th February 1942 Report by John Hyde Ship Surgeon", International Association of Emergency Managers, International Disaster and Risk Conference, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=List_of_maritime_disasters_in_World_War_II&oldid=993646561, Articles with dead external links from December 2017, Articles with permanently dead external links, Wikipedia articles needing page number citations from December 2013, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles needing additional references from June 2015, All articles needing additional references, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 11 December 2020, at 18:44. With twenty-four hospital ships recorded as being sunk by enemy action during WWII it is difficult to reconcile that these were all accidental. In January 1943 the Chief of Staff, U.S. Army, and Commander-in-Chief, U.S. Navy agreed that the formation of a joint committee to assess enemy Naval and merchant shipping losses during World War II would be desirable. Ruth Hindman, of the American Nursing Corps, is given here by courtesy of The Daily Telegraph. HMHS Somersetshire was not recognized as a hospital ship by the U-boat. b.. These covered vessels of most belligerents, in numerical order losses were: Italy (7) Britain (5) Greece (4) Japan (3) Germany … Returns to Yokosuka via Palau and then Saipan, an unusual routing. Her skipper was one of the few survivors, but the tragedy was to prove his downfall. I enclose a copy of his Army Papers with a date on! Before the war closed, seven of the sunken ships would see combat, and another three served in peacetime roles. The HS Awa Maru was displaying illuminated white crosses on its side when sunk. In all, 21 ships were labeled damaged or sunk after the attack. SYDNEY (Reuters) - An Australian hospital ship torpedoed by the Japanese during World … [Clarification needed][citation needed] 3 Min Read. The Centaur, 2/3rd Australian Hospital Ship, was a motor passenger ship converted in early 1943 for use as a hospital ship. Sinking of the Centaur. 02/21/07. This was supported by a ship's crew of 675. Japanese Merchant Navy 1 152 Ships sunk; The failure of the Japanese to sail their merchant ships in convoy without adequate protection was one of the most appalling blunders in naval history, which resulted in the loss of 63% of their merchant shipping and contributed to their losing the War. The much greater geographical spread of hostilities in WW2 . During World War II, two dozen hospital ships were sunk by enemy fire, and a critical hospital ship sustained a damaging attack in the war’s waning weeks. Her other sister, HIE MARU is sunk at Truk in Nov '43. The Paris had two sister ships Brighton and The Maid of Kent.Ironicaly both these vessels were sunk on the same day 21st May 1940, one in open water and the latter in Dieppe harbour. Shipwreck hunters have captured the first underwater footage of an Australian World War II hospital ship that sank in 1943 and left 268 people dead. The HMHS, (His Majesty's Hospital Ship) Paris was sunk by German bombing off Dunkirk 02/06/1940. Before the war closed, seven of the sunken ships would see combat, and another three served in peacetime roles. It was sunk without warning by a torpedo from a Japanese submarine … (Note – Photo is from World War I when Erinpura was a hospital ship. The Centaur, 2/3rd Australian Hospital Ship, was a motor passenger ship converted in early 1943 for use as a hospital ship. The Hospital Ships of World War II. c.. - The Nazis Bombed and Sank Our Hospital Ship. The first recorded was the Red Rover in 1860 during the American Civil War. Italian Hospital ships damaged by shelling, machine guns, torpedoed by the Royal Navy durring the WW2: “Capri”, “Laurana”, “Meta”, “Princesss Giovanna “, “Rombo N”, “Toscana”, “Virgilio.” All these were white painted with the big Red Crosses like the Geneva Conventions. All the 11 Italian hospital ships were attacked at least once during WW2, six were sunk (Arno, California, Città di Trapani, Po, Sicilia, Tevere) and … A WWII ship which divers think could contain the legendary Amber Room has been found at the bottom of the Baltic sea. The HMHS, (His Majesty's Hospital Ship) Paris was sunk by German bombing off Dunkirk 02/06/1940. August 13, 2020 Ursa Major face wash sky broadband twitter. share | improve this answer | follow | edited Jan 19 at 0:26. answered Jan 19 at 0:21. But another 12 were sunk, and some of those were even declared lost. PT-172: Off Vella Lavella, Solomons 7 September 1943: Grounded and … 114 crew members, 64 medical staff members and two stewardesses abandoned ship in 13 lifeboats. The story by Sec.-Lieut. The U-boat War in World War Two (Kriegsmarine, 1939-1945) and World War One (Kaiserliche Marine, 1914-1918) and the Allied efforts to counter the threat. When the cruiser USS Indianapolis was sunk in 1945, the warship was one of the best known in the U.S. Navy and a favorite of President Franklin D. … List of hospital ships sunk in World War II From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Hospital ships should display large Red Crosses or Red Crescents. As a hospital ship, Britannic possessed 2,034 berths and 1,035 cots for casualties. Dedicated 26.02.2002". The War Illustrated, Volume 7, No. O. Lambart DSO Rtd) was sunk in German bombing at Dunkirk Roads at 2355. USS Solace (AH-5) Launched in 1927 as the passenger ship SS Iroquois, USS Solace was acquired by the US Navy and commissioned as a hospital ship on August 9th, 1941. Yacht GRIVE (687grt, Captain the Hon. Collides with oiler MANJU MARU, beached. 1. A subsequent message stated one torpedo sunk the vessel In about two minutes, and that there were 54 men and one It was the most controversial disaster in U.S. naval history. USS Comfort (AH-6) USS Comfort joined the war in the Pacific in 1944, the first of a new class of hospital ships. Though hospital ships, painted with the internationally recognised symbol of the Red Cross to signify their humanitarian purpose, were meant to be the exception, in practice they were not exempt from attack. This doesn't seem to add anything to existing answers. Ships Sunk or Damaged in World War II Ships Home. Commissioned 7 Aug 44 – US Navy Hospital Ship AH-8 ‘USS Mercy’, ex-C 1-B freighter hull, built 1943 – 15 knots – 400 patients – San Pedro > Southwest Pacific 31 Aug 44 – 214th Med Hosp Ship Co (decommissioned 17 May 46, reactivated as Hospital Ship and transferred to US Army 20 Jun 46, struck from Naval Register 25 Sep 46) A hospital ship (HS) is designated for primary function as a medical treatment facility or hospital; most are operated by the military forces or navies of various countries around the world, as they are intended to be used in or near war zones. The hospital ship “Esperos” was bombed and sunk, while at anchor in Messolonghi. The Centaur was struck in an oil fuel tank on the port side, caught fire, and sank within minutes. Centaur was … The American Liberty Ship SS Richard Montgomery was packed with explosives when it sank in the Thames Estuary in August 1944, with the salvage job expected to cost up to £4million The Indianapolis went down in 12 minutes. Fred Norman Fred Norman. The Last Post ceremony on Thursday will commemorate the 268 souls who died when the ship was torpedoed by the Japanese in 1943. I'm stuck at this point!!!! Armenia – A hospital ship sunk on 7 November 1941 by German torpedo-carrying Heinkel … Team finds Australian hospital ship sunk in WW2. … (wi - in 53.50N, 00.50E). Nine of them were still afloat and were either quickly repaired for frontline duty or sent to the U.S. West Coast for repairs and new equipment. In November 1941 it had rescued survivors of the German auxiliary cruiser Kormoran after it had sunk and been sunk by HMAS Sydney. In 1918, Rewa, Rohilla's sister ship, also turned into a hospital ship, foundered in the Bristol Channel after being torpedoed. You may quote material on this web page as long as you cite American Merchant Marine at War, www.usmm.org, as the source. L.J. In the early hours of Friday 14 May 1943 the hospital ship AHS Centaur, ablaze with lights, was torpedoed by Japanese submarine 1-177 off Moreton Island. The military history of Gibraltar during World War II exemplifies Gibraltar's position as a British fortress since the early 18th century and as a vital factor in British military strategy, both as a foothold on the continent of Europe, and as a bastion of British sea power. THIS LINE OF TREES IS DEDICATED TO/ THE FOLLOWING HOSPITAL SHIPS AND CARRIERS SUNK BY ENEMY ACTION/ IN WORLD WAR TWO/ AND THE MERCHANT NAVY, RAMC AND QAIMNS PERSONNEL, / AND THEIR PATIENTS WHO WERE LOST WITH THEM/ AND IN OTHER SUCH VESSELS AS A RESULT OF ENEMY … Edit source History Talk (0) Comments … Inscription. www.USMM.org ©1998 - 2007. During this time she undertook charters as a troopship as well as maintaining scheduled passenger services. 25 December 1939 - Finnish battleship Ilmarinendamagedwith 1 KIA, 2 WIA 1 January 1940 Finnish merchant Leo(1243 GRT) sunk at Turku 18 January 1940 Finnish armed icebreaker Tarmoseverely damaged at Kotka, received two bombs from Pe-2 bombers with 39 KIA Finnish trooptransport Valamon Luostarisunk in Ladoga Lake 19 January 1940 Finnishmerchant Kaija(3… This is a list of naval vessels sunk or otherwise severely damaged with loss of life during the Second World War. But another 12 were sunk, and some of those were even declared lost. You may not use more than a few lines without permission. I'm trying to find out how/what Hospital Ship my Great-Uncle Gunner John Charles Maddock (Army number: 5544) would have got back on from South Africa during the 2nd Boer War? PT-166: Off New Georgia, Solomon Islands 20 July 1943: Accidentally strafed and sunk by US B-25 bomber. The Royal Navy lost 50758 men killed in action, 820 missing in action and 14663 wounded in action.The Women's Royal Naval Servicelost 102 killed and 22 wounded. On 12 May 1943 the Centaur sailed unescorted from Sydney at 0945 hours carrying her crew and normal staff, as well as stores and equipment of the 2/12th Field Ambulance but no patients. Information about Hospital Ships used by the British Army during the World Wars and the Falklands War : These have been used by the military to evacuate and treat army personnel until they could be transferred to military hospitals and treatment centres. On August 24, 1943, the damaged vessel was deliberately sunk in 35 feet of water to create a pier for naval ships. Sunk by mine (Italian) HMS Calypso (D61) off Crete: 12 June 1940: Sunk by Italian submarine Bagnolini: HMS Coventry (D43) off Crete: 14 September 1942: Scuttled following German air attack HMS Curacoa (D41) off Ireland: 2 October 1942: Rammed by RMS Queen Mary: HMS Curlew (D42) off Narvik: 26 May 1940: Sunk by German aircraft HMS Cairo (D87) off Bizerte: 12 August 1942 Ships hit by U-boats in WWII Ship losses by month. Centaur . Italy, during WW2, used 11 hospital ships (navi ospedale: Aquileia, Gradisca, Arno, Città di Trapani, California, Po, Principessa Giovanna, Sicilia, Tevere, Virgilio, Toscana) and 7 rescue ships (navi soccorso: Capri, Epomeo, Laurana, Meta, Orlando, San Giusto, Sorrento). CENTAUR", http://www.ozatwar.com/ozatwar/centaur.htm, http://www.wrecksite.eu/wreck.aspx?137744, http://www.wrecksite.eu/wreck.aspx?139519, http://www.combinedfleet.com/Hikawa2_t.htm, http://doverferryphotos.co.uk/pastandpresent/mk2.htm, http://www.roll-of-honour.com/Ships/SSParis.html, http://www.bbc.co.uk/ww2peopleswar/stories/83/a2749683.shtml, http://www.wrecksite.eu/wreck.aspx?148082, http://www.feldgrau.net/forum/viewtopic.php?f=47&t=2969, http://forum.axishistory.com/viewtopic.php?t=15688, "Aquileia RM (1940~1941) Aquileia MV (+1942)", http://www.wrecksite.eu/wreck.aspx?157322, http://www.wrecksite.eu/wreck.aspx?148042, http://www.wrecksite.eu/wreck.aspx?134092, http://www.roll-of-honour.com/Ships/HMHSStDavid.html, http://www.wrecksite.eu/wreck.aspx?142468, http://www.wrecksite.eu/wreck.aspx?156954, http://www.tynebuiltships.co.uk/T-Ships/talamba1924.html, https://military.wikia.org/wiki/List_of_hospital_ships_sunk_in_World_War_II?oldid=1597414. Report that appeared on “Ottawa Citizen”, March 13, 1941 The hospital ship “Attiki” was attacked during the night of 11 to 12 April 1941 and cost the lives of 28 people while sailing with her lights fully lit, in order to demonstrate her hospital ship colours near Cavo Doro. On 18 November 1944 at 0745 hours near Pola the German hospital ship Tübingen was attacked by two double-engine British bombers with machine guns and bombs so that it sank, although the course of the hospital ship had been communicated to the British government well in advance of its voyage to Saloniki and back for the purpose of transporting wounded German soldiers. hospital ship sunk ww1. A list of ships follows with the manner of destruction, date and location. Like most hospital ships the Rewa was a converted passenger steamer, in her case being a relatively new ship which had been in service for the P&O Line from 1906 to 1914 on the Britain to India route. This section includes over 21.000 Allied Warships and over 11.000 Allied Commanders of WWII, from the US Navy, Royal Navy, Royal Canadian Navy, Royal Australian Navy, The Polish Navy and others. Foreword. 20 February 1944: Departs Yokosuka on her 18th hospital round-trip voyage. The Maheno and Marama were the poster ships of New Zealand's First World War effort. Her service took her to Brisbane, Australia and Hollandia, New Guinea, where she assisted a major Army hospital. After burning for 2 days she was sunk by gunfire by destroyers, Inside the Bay of Valona (Albania), 1,5 miles off Cape Dukati and Crionerò, Bombed and set afire by German aircraft and sank, 3.5 miles south of Cap. The SS Saigang, a British passenger and cargo ship, was hit by Japanese bomber attacks on April 9, 1942, while at anchor in Trincomalee harbor. Soviet Air Force and soviet naval AirForce were fundamental in the four years of World War II 3,.... 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